6500–3200BC
Neolithic Age
Koufovouno, one of the largest Neolithic settlements in Peloponnese (south of Sparta, in Aghios Ioannis) and the Alepotrypa Cave in Diros, which was inhabited at the end of the Neolithic Age, are two major sites.
The ancient town of Epidavros-Limira is on the eastern coast and north of the Castle of Monemvasia. The ruins of the acropolis of the town in Aghios Ioannis in Monemvasia are one of the most impressive archaeological sites in Laconia. The site was already inhabited in the pre-historic years and there have been signs (shells) of life from the Neolithic Age.
During the Mycenaean times, there was an important settlement in the acropolis from the 15th to the 11th century B.C.

3200-1100BC
Bronze Age
Pavlopetri: a town submerged for the past 5000 years, with beautiful street planning and buildings, located between the island of Elafonisos and the village of Viglafia. The oldest submerged town in the world, the Greek “Pompei” as it is called, waits for you to dive and discover the secrets it has been hiding for thousands of years. A site protected by the World Monuments Fund.

1100-800BC
Late Bronze Age - Mycenaean Age
The region of Laconia is directly connected to the Mycenaean civilization. The myth of Helen of Troy, references by Homer and hundreds of findings confirm this. Visitors can admire domed tombs, Linear B clay-tablets, ruins of impressive palaces, elaborate jewellery and golden vessels, and why not even the palace of Menelaos and Helen.
Golden cups: Vafio & drinking vessel in the shape of a young bull’s head from Ksyrokambi/Aghios Vasilios.

800-500BC
Archaic - Classical Period, Ancient Sparta
One of the most powerful cities in Ancient Greece, admired for its great army, the discipline, love of country and heroism its inhabitants showed during the Persian wars, as well as their frugal way of living. A land filled with legends and myths, where Helen, the woman that “launched a thousand ships”, was born.
Sparta reached its pinnacle with its victory in the Peloponnesian War. The Sanctuary of Artemis Orthia, the Sanctuary of Apollo Amyklaios, the Temple of Athena Chalkioikos and the Acropolis of Sparta attest to its great past.

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LOCATION

In the southeastern edge of Europe, in Peloponnese, the land of myths, lies Monemvasia, a place rich in history and traditions, unparalleled natural beauty, a place that still remains unspoilt by mass tourism.
 
An ideal place for the holidays of a lifetime.

LIOTRIVI BOUTIQUE HOTEL

An impressive boutique hotel set in stunning surroundings among olive groves and vineyards, 10km west of the castle of Monemvasia. The perfect place for those seeking comfort, tranquility and gastronomy based on high quality local products.

Monemvasia Access

ACCESS

Untouched beauty yet easily accessible!
Liotrivi is easily accessible by car from Athens, the “Eleftherios Venizelos” International Airport of Athens and the port of Piraeus (about 300km, 220km highway and 80km two-way national road). The airport of Kythira is nearby (by ferry boat) as well as the airport of Kalamata (approximately 180km, 100km highway + 80km two-way national road).
Hotel Liotrivi can also be easily reached from the international port of Patras (approximately 340km, 260km highway + 80km two-way national road) where there are daily ferry boat connections to and from Italy. You can get here also from the other regions and major cities of Peloponnese through the regional National road network (Messinia-Kalamata, Argolis-Nafplio, Arcadia-Tripoli).
Monemvasia Climate

CLIMATE

A destination for all seasons!
The exceptional Mediterranean climate of the region boasts fragrant springs when everything is in bloom (17⁰C - 20⁰C), warm summers (30⁰C - 35⁰C), enchanting autumns (17⁰C - 27⁰C), and very mild winters (10⁰C - 20⁰C).

Sunny days and mild temperatures combined with blue skies and warm seas make it the perfect destination throughout the year.

You can enjoy a wide range of activities here depending on the season and your interests.

USEFUL INFORMATION

Official Language

Greek

Religion In Greece

Greek Orthodox

Current Local Time

13:10:47 PM

Local
Currency

Euro (€)

Telephone Code

+30

Healthcare

Hospital of Molaoi
(artificial kidney unit)
Tel: +3027320 22 374

Healthcare

General Hospital of Sparta
(Laconia)
Call centre: +3027310 28 671-5

NATURE

Verdant landscapes, an endless coastline, rugged mountains and pristine sandy beaches. Filled with olive groves, vineyards and sweet smelling orange groves, hidden canyons and the only fjord in Greece. An ever changing, diverse land that is unlike any other, with rich fauna and flora that never fails to amaze the visitor.
 
That’s Monemvasia!

FLORA

The region of Laconia boasts a wide variety of flora with many rare native plants, most of which found on the mountains of Taygetos and Parnonas.
The extraordinary flora of Taygetos includes more than 1,000 kinds of plants, 33 of which are native to the region and 100 of them native to Greece, and some very rare species in Greece and Europe which are of Asian origin.
Parnonas is another important natural reserve with more than 1,000 species of flora, 15 of which are endemic to the mountain, unique in the world, 69 varieties are endemic to Peloponnese and Greece and 11 species that are not so common in Europe (mostly Asian species).
Visitors to the region can get to know its amazing flora, from the wild orchids of Taygetos and the wild pansies (viola parniona) of Parnonas to the coastal sand dunes and the cades (juniperus oxycedrus) of Elafonisos.

FAUNA

Taygetos is rich in fauna particularly birds (short-toed eagle, golden eagle) as well as herpetofauna with rare lizards such as Lacerta Graeca. Parnonas also includes many species of birds, mammals, amphibians and serpents. The largest mammal is the jackal (canis aureus) which is in danger of extinction.
Gerakas wetlands, place of unique beauty, part of Natura 2000 network with rich fauna and a large number of migratory birds.
Stroggyli Lagoon: of great environmental importance it is situated opposite Elafonisos, east of Pounta. A refuge for 132 species of birds it also features the rare and endangered cade tree.
Evrotas Delta: one of the most important wetlands in southern Greece and a member of the European Natura network, it is home to a large number of birds many of which rare and endangered. Hundreds of migratory and endemic species of birds such as ducks and herons, and rare predators live and breed in the Delta wetlands.
Turtles: sea turtles can be seen in many beaches of Laconia such as Punta and Simo in Elafonisos. The beaches in the Bay of Lakonia where the sea turtles lay their eggs form part of the Natura 2000 network.

NATURAL MONUMENTS

Diros Cave: Located in the western part of the peninsula of Laconia it is a truly unique masterpiece created by nature in the course of hundreds of thousands of years. Probably the most beautiful lake cave in the world.

Kastania Cave: South of the Castle of Monemvasia it is rich in density and variety of shapes, colors and forms. It is ranked among the most important caves worldwide.

Agios Nikolaos Geopark: Its unique petrified palm tree forest is of great scientific significance. In a place of rare wild natural beauty, trunks and roots of palm trees have been revealed dating back to two-three million years ago.

CULTIVATION

Large tracts of land in the region are filled with olive groves, vineyards and orange trees. Following tradition, the farmers of Laconia continue to produce top quality citrus fruits, virgin olive oil and the famous wines of Monemvasia.

QUAINT VILLAGES
Visitors will find scattered in nature picturesque villages and settlements that maintain their traditional style and architecture. Among those that stand out are Kyparissi, Velanidia, Vathia and the Castle of Monemvasia.

BEACHES

On the eastern side of Myrtoo Sea pebble and sandy beaches, remote beaches and natural small ports accessible by sea (Kyparissi, Vlychada, Balogheri, Kastraki, Pori, Ambelakia) create a coastline that is like no other, with the famous sandy beaches of Elafonisos and Neapolis on the south (Pounta, Neapolis, Simos, Nisia tis Panaghias). Award winning and cosmopolitan they make a glorious summer setting.

On the western side of the Bay of Laconia, visitors will find many easily accessible sandy beaches like the famous Plytra and Archangellos.

HISTORY

Laconia, a land where myth and history entwine creating a truly unique phenomenon. The land that gave birth to the ideal of beauty (Helen of Troy) and bravery and love for one’s country (Leonidas and his 300 men). The oldest submerged city in the world, princes and princesses of the Mycenaean times, the most famous warriors in world history, Byzantine lords and fearless heroes of the Greek Revolution are waiting to be discovered by you.

The Castle of Monemvasia

“The rock ship”, the impressive fortress with the dozens of Byzantine churches, the cobblestone streets, the bastions the quaint little shops, and the breathtaking vistas of the Myrtoan sea. Visit the “Gibraltar of the East”, the only castle in the world that has been continuously inhabited, and let yourselves be carried away by the multicultural traces of its conquerors and its medieval atmosphere.

Byzantine Churches-Monasteries

Many very well preserved Byzantine churches and Monasteries with magnificent hagiography are still used today in the rituals of the Greek Orthodox Church bringing the Byzantine era to our days.
Some of the most important ones are: the church of Aghios Nikolaos in the village of the same name, the church of Pantanassa in Vatika, the church of Kimisi tis Theotokou (Assumption) Apidia and many more surrounded by the walls of Monemvasia like the church Elkomenou Christou in Monemvasia and the church of Panaghia Myrtidiotissa.
Among the historic Byzantine Monasteries are: the Monastery of Aghia Irene in Velanidia, the Monastery of Tessarakonta Martyron in Sparta, the one of Aghion Anargyron and the Monastery of Elonis in Parnonas.

Mystras

The site, in the naturally fortified and of great strategic importance hill of the Byzantine Myzithra, north of Taygetos, consists of the medieval castle and the fortified settlement that guards behind its wall’s monasteries, the cathedral, churches and chapels, homes and palaces. The place where the last Byzantine emperor was crowned is filled with monasteries, churches and bastions, a strong military, spiritual, religious and political center of a bygone era, which is being restored to its former glory and is waiting for you to explore.

Mani

Both the landscape and the particular architectural style of Mani make the place truly remarkable. There are many stone built towers, castles, archaeological sites, Byzantine and post Byzantine churches with extraordinary hagiography, many traditional settlements, caves and canyons ideal for trekking. The villages of Mani have kept their traditional architecture and their particular way of life. Built among rugged mountains they are beautiful and imposing. Some of those that stand out in Western Mani are: Kardamyli with Byzantine monuments and the canyon of Vyros, Stoupa, Vathia with its stone built towers, and Gythio with the small Kranai (Helen’s and Paris’ love nest).

Geraki Castle

A Frankish castle built on the ancient site of Geronthri, with many churches and rare frescoes. An intermediate stop between the Castle of Mystra and the Castle of Monemvasia.

The statue of Leonidas

Created in 1969 by the great Greek sculptor Vasos Falireas, the imposing bronze statue of Leonidas is the trademark of Sparta.
Monemvasia Culture & Tradition

CULTURE & TRADITION

Monemvasia is a region rich in cultural tradition, with ancient customs, high quality products and recipes that go back in time...
Orange Groves Liotrivi Boutique Hotel

LOCAL DELICACIES

Wines: wine making is a very important part of the local character. The climate and morphology of the land of Laconia contributes to the production of exceptional local wines. In Byzantine times, ships sailed from the port of Monemvasia loaded with the world known Malvazia wine.
Olive oil: Following the centuries old tradition of olive growing, the local producers make high quality, extra virgin, olive oil. What makes the Monemvasia olive oil different is the cultivation of “Athinoelia”, an ancient variety that is cultivated only in this particular region. The place is full of olive groves and olive growing is a major source of employment for the locals and a very important source of income.
Some edible varieties are also cultivated here, the most famous of all being the Kalamata type olive.
Oranges and citrus fruits: Visitors on their way from Sparta to Monemvasia will be astonished by the fragrant orange groves of the fertile valley of Evrotas. The growing of this particular type of citrus fruit considerably contributes to the local economy and can be used as edible, juice, and in many local sweet or savory recipes.
Figs: Monemvasia is a big producer of figs, a fruit that was very important in the ancient Greek diet. It’s a nutritious and healthy product that can be consumed fresh or dried and can also be used in many gourmet recipes.
Liotrivi Estate Authentic Local Recipes

AUTHENTIC RECIPES

“Amygdalota” of Monemvasia: The best known amygdalota of Greece. They are made with almond paste, fine sugar, egg whites, rose water and they are crescent shaped.
“Diples”: The wedding sweet of Monemvasia, made with “fyllo” flour dough and eggs, honey, grated walnuts, cinnamon, and has a cylindrical shape.
Spoon sweets: Made with local fruit and following local traditional recipes, the most popular are bitter orange, quince, plum, grape and even olive.
“Kagianas”: the perfect breakfast with eggs, tomato, other vegetables, oregano and olive oil.
Sausage filled with pork or veal, spices and pieces of orange skin that give it a special flavor and aroma.
“Tsaitia”: Thin pie with handmade “fyllo” dough filled with spinach, wild greens, olive oil and “feta” cheese.
“Ghogles”: Handmade pasta served with butter and grated local cheese.
“Propyra”: Traditional handmade kneaded bread made with flour, sea salt and olive oil.
Rooster with “chylopites”: Traditional Sunday dish of the region with local free-range rooster, “chylopites” (Greek pasta), tomato, olive oil and local grated cheese.
“Lahanodolmades”: Made with cabbage leaves, minced meat, rice and olive oil, usually served in egg and lemon sauce.
Celebrations & Events Monemvasia

CELEBRATIONS & EVENTS

Many celebrations and events take place in Monemvasia all year round, but the summer festivals attract thousands of people every year.

The following culture events are some of many events that you can experience in Monemvasia...

Liberation of the Castle of Monemvasia

A spectacular event that attracts thousands of people every year on 23rd of July.

It commemorates the liberation of the castle of Monemvasia from the Turks in 1821 and includes the reenactment of the burning of a Turkish schooner, a number of cultural, dance and music happenings and an amazing firework display.

Orange & Wine
Festivals

Orange Festival: It takes place around the 20th of July in the village of Stefania. All the women’s cultural associations of Laconia meet in this festival while there are exhibitions by artists and cultural organizations. In celebration of the famous orange of Laconia, cooking competitions and food tasting events are organized as well as various other happenings such as photography and painting exhibitions, lectures, concerts and traditional dances.
 
Wine Festival: It takes place in the village of Sykea on the last weekend of July, with snacks, good music and plenty of free wine.

The burning
of Judas

The burning of Judas in Monemvasia, on Orthodox Easter Sunday.

An impressive tradition that takes place in one of the most popular Easter destinations of Greece, in which groups of young people make the effigy of Judas which is then set on fire in the square of Panaghia Chrysafitissa accompanied by a firework display.

Summer Fairs

A lot of fairs are organized throughout the summer on the occasion of various Greek Orthodox celebrations in the villages of the region and reach their peak around the 15th of August. There is traditional dancing and music as well as plenty of local delicacies and wine.
The Feast of the Fishermen of Elafonisos: This traditional event takes place every year at the end of August on the square of the port of Elafonisos. It attracts a lot of people who enjoy the traditional local dances, live music, plenty of wine and of course fresh fish offered by the fishermen of Elafonisos.
Olive Festival: A three-day festival dedicated to the olive oil of Laconia and the edible olives is organized every August in Sellasia. Producers and businesses of the prefecture take part in the festival in order to promote the olive oil of Laconia. There are also cultural events, food tasting, traditional music as well as speeches and one day seminars on the production, history, use and the quality characteristics of the olive oil and the olives.

Contact Information

Liotrivi 4 Boutique Hotel
and Historical Mansion
+30 2732 053 060
+30 2732 061 391
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Monemvasia Velies, 23070, Peloponnese, Greece.
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